Heart Attack, let’s see how many of us know the difference between this and a cardiac arrest. People usually think that both are the same but however, it’s not. But it is really necessary to understand what happens in both of these processes.
It’s good to understand the difference between a heart attack and cardiac arrest.
What Is a Heart Attack?
A heart attack is a blockage in a coronary artery, which provides the blood-carrying oxygen to the heart. If anything blocks the flow of blood through one of these critical arteries for more than 20 or 30 minutes, the heart will not receive enough oxygen, and part of the heart muscle fed by that artery will die.
Not all the heart attacks to the stereotype of a man with his chest pain. And half the time it’s not a man whose heart is under pressure, it’s a woman.
Here are some typical symptoms:
Chest pain is common for both genders. It can feel heaviness, burning, or squeezing at the middle of the chest. Some people describe the pain in terms of tightness or pressure, which may move from the chest to arm, the jaw, neck, or back.
So the common symptoms of heart attack for both genders include breaking a cold sweat, general weakness, nausea, shortness of breath, dizziness and pain between the shoulder blades. Women are more likely than men to complain of these less common symptoms as well as jaw and back pain, trouble sleeping due to the pain. They may also have a sense that something is terribly wrong. If you or any of the people around you have any of these symptoms, call emergency line immediately and take an aspirin.
An aspirin helps to break up the blood clot that is causing the heart attack.
What Is Cardiac Arrest?
A cardiac arrest occurs when the heart stops beating effectively and blood is not delivered in sufficient quantities to the heart and brain to sustain life. The primary cause of a cardiac arrest may be a massive heart attack with extensive heart muscle damage or some other insult to the heart, including the effect of drugs. But often cardiac arrest occurs from damage to other organs. For example, if there is respiratory failure from drowning, aspiration of food, or severe pneumonia, then sufficient oxygen is not delivered to the heart and a cardiac arrest will ensue. If an insult to the brain occurs from a stroke, head trauma, or a drug overdose, then the absence of signals telling the lungs to breathe will cause lack of oxygen and cardiac arrest.
The definition of death is when the heart stops beating, but the cause of the cardiac arrest may well have nothing to do with heart disease.
Cardiac Arrest: Act Quickly
According to the American Heart Association, each year more than 300,000 people have cardiac arrests outside of a hospital. More than 92 percent of cardiac arrest victims did not survive. A person’s chances of surviving is reduced by 7 percent to 10 percent with every minute that passes without CPR and defibrillation. Cardiac arrest can sometimes be reversed by defibrillation, if it’s treated within a few minutes with an electric shock to the heart that will restore a normal heartbeat. Unfortunately, however, few attempts at resuscitation succeed after 10 minutes.
The conclusion is that it’s critical to act quickly whether you suspect that a person is having a heart attack or going into cardiac arrest.
At any circumstances call emergency and make sure the person reaches the hospital in an ambulance.